Fly Fishing Methods

Fly fishing is a popular method of catching fish. This angling method involves an artificial "fly" which is cast with a fly rod, reel, and special weighted line. A fisherman needs experience to master the practice of casting a nearly weightless fly. Usually fly fishermen use hand tied flies that look like natural insects, baitfish or other "lures" to encourage the fish to bite at the fly.

Fly Fishing Kent-Klewein

There is fresh water and salt water fly fishing. In North America they distinguish freshwater fishing of cold-water species (trout, salmon, steelhead) and warm-water species, primarily bass. In Britain natural water temperatures are not very diverse, so they differentiate between game fishing for trout or salmon and coarse fishing for other species. Techniques for fly fishing depend on the habitat, such as the open ocean, rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, bays and estuaries.

Fly fishing involves using artificial flies cast with a fly rod and a fly line. What differs fly fishing from spin or bait fishing is the weight of the line: in fly fishing it carries the hook through the air, while in spin and bait fishing it gives casting distance. Artificial flies used by fishermen vary from those that resemble different insect, to a bait fish or crustacean, and sometimes even the ones that don't look like any living creature. Typically artificial flies range in size from 1 and 5 cm and are made by attaching hair, fur, feathers, or other materials onto a hook. The sizes, colors and patterns of flies that are tied depend on what natural insects the target fish species prefer.

Fly fishing is a popular method for catching trout, grayling and salmon. Also it can be used for fishing a wide range of species, such as pike, bass, panfish, and carp, redfish, snook, tarpon, bonefish and striped bass. These days the advanced technologies and the availability of stronger rods and reels made it possible to catch on fly larger predatory saltwater species, including wahoo, tuna, marlin and even sharks. In theory, any fish can be caught on fly provided the main food source looks similar to the fly itself and appropriate gear is used.

Casting Kent-Klewein

There are various methods of fly fishing that are widely used nowadays. They are the following.

Casting. Instead of luring fly fishing is associated with casting line. When cast the fly line makes waves that are called loops. To reach the highest speed the fishermen should strive for the highest basal frequency of a rod in addition to the transfer of the speed from the tip of the rod to the fly line. The direction of the cast is determined the moment the rod tip reaches its maximum velocity.

Reach casting. This method means casting the fly over flowing water and then just when the fly is about to land, moving the arm and fly rod in the upstream direction to ensure the fishing line produces much less drag in the water. This method also known as "mending" the fly line allows an experienced caster to pitch curved casts to get the flies into difficult places.

Spey casting. Spey casting is a technique that requires a "Spey rod", a longer, heavier two-handed fly rod. This is a large roll cast that first appeared on the banks of the Scottish River Spey the high banks of which prevented from using the usual back cast. This method is typically used for catching salmon and large trout, including steelhead and sea trout. Spey casting can also be used in saltwater surf casting. The angler should cast larger flies long distances with two hands for powerful casts. As the angler keeps most of the line in front of him he can easily avoid various obstacles on the shore.

Fly fishing for trout

Any methods described above can be successfully used for catching trout, a very popular sport in North America. There is a belief that all fly fishing for trout is done only on the surface of the water with "dry flies." But this is not always true. In heavily fished trout areas experienced anglers fly fish using special flies called "nymphs" that drift close to the riverbed. The fact is that trout feeds below the water's surface most of the time and reaches the surface when there is a large bug hatch. But during the summer months and on smaller mountain streams this rule doesn't apply, because trout mostly feeds on ants, beetles and grasshoppers.

Going fly fishing is impossible without special gear. Having top fly fishing gear will help you become successful in this exciting outdoor activity. Also, the beginner anglers would need to develop some survival skills at one of wilderness survival schools in the country.